Historical facts about Bournemouth
Bournemouth, known for its seven miles of sands and a vibrant cosmopolitan, town has a rich historical heritage.
The founding of Bournemouth
Before 1810, the Bournemouth area was a deserted heathland, the only visitors of which were fishermen and smugglers.
The settlement of Bournemouth was founded in 1810 by Lewis Tregonwell, a captain in the Dorset Yeomanry. He built a house near Bourne Heath and then purchased eight and a half acres of land for just over £179. This is now the site of Bournemouth town centre.
In the mid-19th Century, Bournemouth was a small village with a population of just 695. In 1870, a railway line was built to Bournemouth and this spurred an expansion over the next few years. In 1891 the population had reached 37,000, making Bournemouth a town.
To facilitate boats coming to Bournemouth, a pier was constructed in 1847. This was a wooden 100-foot structure, and was replaced by a 838 feet cast iron pier designed by Eugenius Birch, constructed in 1880.
In 1877, the Prince of Wales built the Red House for his lover, the actress Lillie Langtry, and this is now known as Langtry Manor.
The approach of the 20th Century saw the growth of Bournemouth’s cultural life. The Bournemouth symphony orchestra was founded in 1893 and the first library was built in 1895.
In 1901, Merton Russell-Cotes gave his wife Annie a birthday present of a large cliff top house. Russell-Cotes and his wife were world travellers and they filled the house with objects they collected on their travels. They also bought a large collection of British art for the house. Russell-Cotes’ house is now an art gallery and museum. For a great place to stay in Bournemouth while you explore its history, try one of our two luxury Bournemouth Hallmark Hotels; Hallmark Hotel Bournemouth Carlton and Hallmark Hotel Bournemouth East Cliff
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